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Screen size density independent pixel resolution


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Terms Screen size, density, density independent pixel, resolution as a picture - pictogram.
mobile-phone-screen-resolution-terms

Test your knowledge
Q: How to find out the phone screen size?
A: (By length of display diagonale in inch -  Not to measure a diagonal of device!!!)

Q: What resolution has 720 x 1280 display?
A: (921600 pixels)

Q: What does it mean "240 dpi" screen density?
A: (Display have density 240 x 240  dots - "Tri-color LED etc." - per every physical (real) square inch. If you have icon 240x240 pixels, this will just occupy an area of one square inch on the display.)

Q: Phone have screen density 240 dpi. Image for 160 dpi screen density have size 128x 128 pixels. What will be the size of the image for 240 dpi screen density?
A: (Calculate the virtual pixels size.   128 * (240/160)  =  192.  You have to resize image to new size 192 x 192 physical pixels and put into folder drawable-hdpi (high) ~240dpi  for phone with screen density 240 dpi. ) or use density independend pixels 128dp x 128dp.

 

 

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Delete Canvas - Fill Canvas Android example | delete-canvas-fill-canvas-android-example


Fill the entire canvas with the specified color.

@Override
    public void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
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LinkedMap HashMap Java | linkedmap-hashmap-java



Map<Float,String> linkedHashMap = new LinkedHashMap<Float, String>();

 linkedHashMap.put(14.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(13.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(10.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(11.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(2.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(3.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(1.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(7.f, "text");
 linkedHashMap.put(23.f, "text");

	for (Entry<Float,String> entry : linkedHashMap.entrySet()) {
		System.out.println(entry.getKey());
	}
14.0
13.0
10.0
11.0
2.0
3.0
1.0
7.0
23.0

Map<Float,String> hashMap = new HashMap<Float, String>();

 hashMap.put(14.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(13.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(10.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(11.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(2.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(3.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(1.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(7.f, "text");
 hashMap.put(23.f, "text");

 
 
	for (Entry<Float,String> entry : hashMap.entrySet()) {
		System.out.println(entry.getKey());
	}
// key :
1.0
14.0
3.0
13.0
2.0
7.0
11.0
23.0
10.0


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Rename Android project package issue in Eclipse - R cannot be resolved to a variable | rename-android-project-package-issue-in-eclipse


Issue: After after renaming package this problem occurred "R cannot be resolved to a variable".

Solution: Try Clean your project Project » Clean » Clean projects selected below » select your project and click OK.

Try to delete the invalid code and type it again:

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LinearLayout layout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(); 
LinearLayout layout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.layout); // re-write this code R.id.layout
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Android Api level - SDK version - how get Api level on device - sample | android-api-level-sdk-version-how-get-api-level-on-device-sample



import android.os.Build.VERSION;
//
int nSdkVersion = Integer.parseInt(Build.VERSION.SDK);
int nApiVersion = VERSION.SDK;






















Platform Version API Level
Android 4.0 14
Android 3.2 13
Android 3.1.x 12
Android 3.0.x 11
Android 2.3.4 10
Android 2.3.3 10
Android 2.3.2 9
Android 2.3.1 9
Android 2.3 9
Android 2.2.x 8
Android 2.1.x 7
Android 2.0.1 6
Android 2.0 5
Android 1.6 4
Android 1.5 3
Android 1.1 2
Android 1.0 1
8

Display screen size resolution density dimension Android | display-screen-dimension


Get display, screen resolution - dimension Android phone development example source code.

 Display display = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay();
int nWidth = display.getWidth();
int nHeight = display.getHeight();

          DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
            getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);
            //get density per inch for example: 120 , 160 , 240
            mXDpi = metrics.xdpi; // 160 The exact physical pixels per inch of the screen in the X dimension. 
            mYDpi = metrics.ydpi;

// density
int nDensity = metrics.densityDpi; // 160 screen density expressed as dots-per-inch

          float  mMetersToPixelsX = mXDpi / 0.0254f; // 1 inch == 0.0254 metre
          float  mMetersToPixelsY = mYDpi / 0.0254f;
          
// Resolution
// The total number of physical pixels on a screen.
int wPix = metrics.widthPixels; // 320 The absolute width of the display in pixels.
int hPix = metrics.heightPixels; // 480 The absolute height of the display in pixels.
int nWidthDisplay = (wPix < hPix)? wPix : hPix;

float nWidthScreenInInch = wPix / mXDpi; //320 / 160 == 2.0 in inch.
float nHeightScreenInInch = hPix / mYDpi; //480 / 160 == 3.0 in inch.

// for example:
// density 120 per inch
//width 320 pix / 120 dpi == width 2.66 inch
//height 480 pix / 120 dpi == height 4.0 inch 

// density 240 per inch
//width 320 pix / 240 dpi == width 1.33 inch
//height 480 pix / 240 dpi == height 2.0 inch 




Example:
HTC Desire HD
11 (4.3) Diagonal cm (in)
480×800 Resolution
85 (217) ppcm (PPI - Pixels per inch)

480 / 217 = 2.21 inch
800 / 217 = 3.69 inch
Math.sqrt( 2.21*2.21 + 3.69 * 3.69) = 4.3 inch - diagonal

//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pixels_per_inch
//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dots_per_inch

Typical screen widths:

320dp: a typical phone screen (240x320 ldpi, 320x480 mdpi, 480x800 hdpi, etc).
480dp: a tweener tablet like the Streak (480x800 mdpi).
600dp: a 7” tablet (600x1024 mdpi).
720dp: a 10” tablet (720x1280 mdpi, 800x1280 mdpi, etc).


Emulator skins in the Android SDK
//developer.android.com/guide/practices/screens_support.html









































Low density (120), ldpi

Medium density (160), mdpi

High density (240), hdpi

Extra high density (320), xhdpi

Small screen
QVGA (240x320) 480x640

Normal screen
WQVGA400 (240x400)

WQVGA432 (240x432)
HVGA (320x480) WVGA800 (480x800)

WVGA854 (480x854)

600x1024
640x960

Large screen
WVGA800** (480x800)

WVGA854** (480x854)
WVGA800* (480x800)

WVGA854* (480x854)

600x1024

Extra Large screen
1024x600 WXGA (1280x800)

1024x768
1280x768
1536x1152
1920x1152

1920x1200
2048x1536
2560x1536

2560x1600
* To emulate this configuration, specify a
custom density of 160 when creating an AVD that uses a WVGA800 or WVGA854 skin.

** To emulate this configuration, specify a custom density of 120 when creating an AVD that
uses a WVGA800 or WVGA854 skin.

† This skin is available with the Android 3.0 platform


Editace: 2015-11-29 12:26:12
Počet článků v kategorii: 397
Url:screen-size-density-independent-pixel-resolution

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